Prescription of hypnotic drugs.
It is well-known that most prescribed medications for insomnia such as the benzodiazepines have delirious side effects. They are prescribed for their hypnotic, anti-anxiety, and anticonvulsant effects. Such type of medications can lead to dependence, and many other deathly side effects. Still, they are the most prescribed drugs to treat sleep complaints. However, a recent study reported a 35% greater risk of cancer among users of hypnotics, including benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines and other hypnotics link to cancer.
‘ … Several types of cancer incidence were increased by 35% among those prescribed high doses of hypnotics’. The study was published in October 9, 2012 in the journal of clinical pharmacology.
- Zolpidem from Sanofi-Aventis: sodium oxybate (XyremÂ®) and zolpidem tartrate (AmbienÂ®) in treating chronic insomnia. It is the most widely prescribed hypnotic drug in the US
- Temazepam: Temazepam Temazepam Capsules, USP are prescribed for the short-term treatment of insomnia. It is a federally controlled substance (C-IV) because it can be abused or lead to dependence.
Other hypnotic and sedative agents in the treatment of insomnia.
- Chloral Hydrate.
- Oxazepam used in the treatment of anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and insomnia.
In the elderly.
About 50% of the elderly population is prescribed sleeping pills to achieve an optimal quality of life! This is despite the fact that there is no evidence that using benzodiazepines is associated with better quality of sleep. The results suggest that Benzodiazepine use increases the risk of dizziness, confusion, falls, hip fractures, and cognitive alteration. Ultimately it will lead to increase health expenditures associated with injuries and deaths.
Studies show an increase in the impairment of long-term memory in women and motor vehicle accidents due to usage of prescribed medications.
Potential hazards to the fetus.
Benzodiazepines may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. An increased risk of congenital malformations associated with the use of diazepam and chlordiazepoxide during the first trimester of pregnancy has been suggested in several studies.
Serious adverse effects are likely to occur after abrupt discontinuation of benzodiazepine drugs.
Tapering medication, rather than abruptly stopping them, can avoid or minimize the potential adverse discontinuation effects associated with most psychotropic drugs.
- Convulsions, tremor, abdominal or muscle cramps, vomiting, and sweating, have occurred following abrupt discontinuance of benzodiazepines.