Like the German list, this could be seen as a companion to the Eastern European one. In this case, focusing on Poland, though there is some focus on Prussia and Galicia as well.
Polish genealogy often overlaps with both German and Russian roots, which makes it somewhat difficult to find the right place to look. Sometimes you can find information in German records, or Prussian or Galician records, and sometimes in Russian. The best thing to do is err on the side of searching too wide than too narrow if you are not certain where to start looking, then narrow down to specifics when you find relevant information to your search.
Poland has been part of so many other nations and has had many sub-cultures (Jewish and Romani particularly), that there are many other languages spoken in the area. There are many resources online for translation, but the simplest is to use the Chrome browser, which has an in-built webpage translation extension that can translate text (though not images) for most European languages, including Polish, German, and Russian, the languages you will most likely languages you come across in your research.
Many people with Jewish roots find they trace their family back to Galicia, part of which is now southern Poland. Though Jewish roots are not a specific focus here, many of the sites below do focus on those roots. For further research on those roots, JewishGen is a good site that has links for those interested in their Eastern European roots.
This list of links includes Poland, but also a bit of Prussia and Galicia.
Polish Genealogy Sites:
- Polish State Archives – A great resource for genealogical records.
- Polish Genealogical Society of America – Dedicated to Americans researching Polish roots.
- Polish American Historical Association – A site focused on Polish American history and culture.
- Polish Roots – A site about Polish roots and history, great for information on Polish ancestors.
- The Polish Genealogy Project – A site dedicated to listing information and links to information on Polish genealogy.
- Poland Genealogy Resources – A great list of online resources for Polish Genealogy.
- Polish Origins – A site that searches online databases for Polish records.
- Poland GenWeb site – A central location for links and information about Polish Genealogy.
- Cmentarze olederskie – (Polish) Polish Protestant records.
- Polish Jews – A site focusing on the Jewish residents of Poland.
- Polin Travel Guide & Genealogy – a site helping give those whose ancestors that came from the area plan trips and do genealogical research. Again, focuses mostly on Jewish descendants.
- Genealogy.pl Links – a list of great resources for Polish genealogy.
- JRI – Jewish Records indexing – Poland – A site on JewishGen dedicated to indexing Polish Jewish records.
- Jewish Krakow documents – a great site of resources for the Jewish Community in Krakow.
- Radzilow – A site covering the Jewish Population of the southern Polish town of Radzilow.
- Rzeszow Vital Records – another covering the same community.
- Polish Names – a site about the meaning of Polish surnames.
- Family Search’s Polish Research help page.
- Cyndi’s List on Poland.
- Genforum’s Polish Forum.
Local places to research Polish ancestry:
The Seattle Public Library, the Seattle Genealogical Society, Fiske Genealogical Library, and the East Side Genealogical Society all have resources focusing on Poland in their collections.
A great Seattle-based Polish Community site online is Polish News. It publishes news relevant to the Polish-American community of the Puget Sound area.
Again, for those of Polish Jewish descent, the Washington State Jewish Historical Society is in downtown Seattle. If your ancestors left Poland in the last century, chances are that the WSJHS will be able to help.